A soldier had a regular animal hide shield for protection. You might find this cruel, to use an animal hide, but it was the way of life. Archers wore special bracelets to protect their wrist from the bow string snapping against their wrist, which probably really hurt. Another type of protection was the mail shirts. These shirts were made by sewing bronze scales onto a padded linen shirt. This was the best kind of protection you could ask for in ancient Egypt. However, this was expensive to make and would only have been worn by officers and royalty. (They were the lucky ones.) The everyday soldier would wear upper chest protection, a padded linen helmet, leather cuirass, and a linen kilt. I'll bet this was very uncomfortable.