A shield was used by a warrior to protect himself during battle. It wasn't the best protection, but it would have to do. It was in the shape of a rectangle, rounded at the top. It had a wooden frame that had an animal hide stretched and dried in the sun to make it hard. It might have also had a center bronze piece for added protection. (I would have added several bronze pieced.) The warrior would carrier either a spear or an axe. The heads of these weapons would have been made from copper or bronze. The wooden shafts were wrapped with cords or leather thongs to provide a better grip, which must of really helped them in battle.